Praise be to Allah.
Suratul Al-Fatiha was revealed in Makkah. Besides that, there are various names of Suratul Al-Fatiha which explains the benefits of the Surah.
Various Names of Suratul Al-Fatiha
1: Al-Fatihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Surah with which prayers are begun.
2: It is also called, Umm Al-Kitab (the Mother of the Book), according to the majority of the scholars.
For you to understand this better, let’s look at this authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin is the Mother of the Qur’an, the Mother of the Book, and the seven repeated Ayat of the Glorious Qur’an. It is also called Al-Hamd and As-Salah because the Prophet said that his Lord said,
The prayer (i.e., Al-Fatihah) is divided into two halves between Me and My servants.
When the servant says, `All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of existence,’ Allah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.
Al-Fatihah was called the Salah because reciting it is a condition for the correctness of Salah – the prayer. Al-Fatihah was also called Ash-Shifa’ (the Cure).
It is also called Ar-Ruqyah (remedy), since, in the Sahih, there is the narration of Abu Sa`id telling the story of the Companion who used Al-Fatihah as a remedy for the tribal chief who was poisoned.
How did you know that it is a Ruqyah? Al-Fatihah was revealed in Makkah as Ibn Abbas, Qatadah and Abu Al-Aliyah stated. Allah said,
And indeed, We have bestowed upon you the seven Mathani (seven repeatedly recited Verses), (i.e. Surah Al-Fatihah) (15:87). – Al- Hijr Q15:87
In conclusion, the above Hadiths and the Quran verses have outlined various of Suratul Al-Fatiha. Among them are Ar-Ruqyah, Ash-Shifa, As-Salah and many others. That said, you have now know various names of
And Allah knows best.