After the Muslims in Makkah, undergone Hijrah, The Prophet established a pact of brotherhood between the Muhajiroon and the Ansar. The Muhajiroon are the Muslims who journey from Makkah to Medinah, which the Ansar are those who are already in Medinah. However, the Prophet (PBUH), based on brotherhood, established a written agreement between two groups.
In Madinah, there were some groups of Jews from Banu Qainuqa’, Banu Nadeer, Banu Quraizah who had come to the Arabian Peninsula well before the Ansar during the wars of Bukhtnassar when Palestine was inundated from what was mentioned by At-Tabari. When the Sail Al-’Arim (flood released from the dam) occurred, the people of Saba’ dispersed in different directions. Al-‘Aws and Khazraj arrived Madinah among the Jews with whom they entered into an alliance.
They became assimilated to them when they saw that they had an edge over them owing to the knowledge transmitted from the Prophets. However, Allah bestowed favour upon the polytheists of Madinah through the guidance and Islam which they accepted.
Meanwhile, the Jews refused to owe to their envy, transgression arrogance against the Truth.
Imam Ahmad related that Anas Ibn Malik said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) formed alliance between the Muhajirun and the Ansar in the house of Anas Ibn Malik. In Saheeh Muslim, Jabir narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) made it obligatory for every tribe (the payment) of blood-wit.”
Muhammad Ibn Ishaq said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) wrote a document between the Muhajiroon and the Ansar in which he made an agreement with the Jews and let them deal with their religion and wealth as they deem. He equally spelt out the mutual obligations.
The Pact of Brotherhood Between the Muhajiroon and the Ansar
In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful. This is a document from Muhammad the unlettered Prophet (governing the relations) between the believers and Muslims of Quraish and Yathrib and those who have followed and striven with them.
They are one community with the exclusion of other people. The Muhajiroon of the Quraish based on their current state (with which they had been when Islam came) shall pay the blood money within themselves and shall ransom their prisoners on reasonable (terms) and with justice among believers.
Banu ‘Awf according to their current state shall pay the blood money they used to pay at first (before Islam) and every section shall ransom their prisoners according to reasonable terms and with justice among believers.
Note: Read the second part to continue.
How The Prophet Established a Pact of Brotherhood Between the Muhajiroon and the Ansar – Part 2