You might hear people saying the month of Safar is the month of unlucky, or you are just wondering if there’s anything special about this month.
All that and more will be explained in this article.
Praise be to Allah, may His blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah.
In the Hijri calendar, the month of Safar is one of the calendar’s twelve months, which comes after the Muharram.
However, some say it was called Safar because Makkah was emptied of its inhabitants during the period. In addition to others who claimed that it was because they used to fight other tribes during this month.
Whoever they meet, they would leave them with nothing from their goods. This means that they would plunder his goods.
Read Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn Manzoor (vol. 4, p. 462-463) to get the full description.
View On The Month Of Safar From The Arab Of Jaahiliyyah
The Arab of Jaahiliyah used to meddle with the month and regard it as unlucky.
Allah, may He be exalted, says:
“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong, not yourselves therein” – [at-Tawbah 9:36].
Most of the Mushrikeen were aware that Allah owns the calculation of months, however, they used to meddle with the months, by either bringing the forward or postpone.
For instance, they used to replace the month of Safar with muharram, this is caused by nothing other than their desires.
And the Arabs also believe that performing ‘umrah during the month of Hajj was the worst of evils.
Ibn ‘Abbaas’s comment:
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: They used to think that ‘Umrah during the months of Hajj was one of the worst evils on earth. They would make Muharram Safar and say: They would say: when the backs of the camels have healed and the tracks of the pilgrims have become erased and Safar is over, ‘Umrah becomes permissible for those who want to do ‘Umrah. – Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1489) and Muslim (1240)
Ibn al-‘Arabi comment on postponing months:
I. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that Junaadah ibn ‘Awf ibn Umayyah al-Kinaani used to attend the Hajj season every year and call out: Verily Abu Thumaamah is never rejected or refuted. Verily, Safar, last year was not sacred; we make it sacred one year and not sacred the next year. And they were with Hawaazin, Ghatafaan and Banu Sulaym (regarding this matter).
According to another version, he used to say: We will bring Muharram forward and delay Safar. Then the next year he would say: We will regard Safar as sacred and delay Muharram. That is what delaying the sacred month means.
II. Adding to the sacred months. Qataadah said: Some of the misguided people decided to add Safar to the sacred months, so their spokesman would stand up during the Hajj season and say: Your gods have decided that Muharram is to be regarded as sacred this year. So they would regard it as sacred that year. Then the following year he would stand up and say: Your gods have decided to regard Safar as sacred. So they would regard it as sacred that year and would say: There are two Safars.
Ibn Wahb and Ibn Qaasim narrated something similar from Maalik, who said: The people of the Jaahiliyyah used to regard them as two Safars. Hence the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no Safar.” That is how Ashhab narrated it from him.
III. Changing the time of Hajj. Mujaahid said, with a different isnaad: “The postponing (of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief” [at-Tawbah 9:37].
He said: They used to do Hajj in Dhu’l-Hijjah for two years, then they would do Hajj in Muharram for two years, then they would do Hajj in Safar for two years. They would do Hajj each month for two years, until the Hajj of Abu Bakr, which was in Dhu’l-Qa‘dah, then the Hajj of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was in Dhu’l-Hijjah.
Hence the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said in his Farewell Sermon, according to the Saheeh hadith: “Time has returned to its original order as it was on the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth.” Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas and others.
He said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “O people, listen to my words, for I do not know whether I will meet you again after this day of mine in this place. O people, verily your blood and your wealth are sacred, until the Day you meet your Lord, as sacred as this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this land of yours. Verily you will meet your Lord, and He will ask you about your deeds. I have conveyed the message.
Whoever has a trust, let him render it back to the one who entrusted it to him. All riba is abolished, but you may keep your capital so that you will not wrong others and you will not be wronged. Allah has decreed that there should be no riba, and the riba of ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib is all abolished.
Verily every blood feud of the Jaahiliyyah is abolished, and the first of your blood feuds that I abolish is the blood feud of Ibn Rabee‘ah ibn al-Haarith ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. He was breastfed among Banu Layth and killed by Hudhayl. This is the first step in abolishing the blood feuds of the Jaahiliyyah.
“To proceed: O people, verily the Shaytaan has despaired of ever being worshipped in your land, but if he is obeyed in other matters, that you think of as insignificant of your misdeeds, he will be content. So beware, O people, lest he undermines your religious commitment. ‘The postponing (of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief: thereby the disbelievers have led astray, for they make it lawful one year and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah’ [at-Tawbah 9:37].
Time has returned to its original order as it was on the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. Verily the number of months with Allah is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, and Rajab of Mudar, which comes between Jumaada and Sha‘baan.” Then he quoted the rest of the hadith. – Ahkaam al-Qur’an (2/503-504)