The Persian and Roman Empires are one of the two great empires in the history of mankind, with all the riches, gold, diamond and silver, with tons of treasures that exist at that time. Glory be to Allah, for everything that has beginning will sure end.
Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) prophecized the end of the Persian and Roman empires.
Indeed, the two empires are no more.
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “When Caesar is destroyed, there will be no Caesar after him, and when Kisra (a title designated to the emperor of Persia) is destroyed, there will be no Kisra after him. And by the One Who has my soul in His Hand, you will spend their treasures in the way of Allah.” (Bukhaaree and Muslim)
This prophecy was fulfilled, for during the caliphates of Abu Bakr (may Allah bless him), ‘Umar (may Allah bless him), and ‘Uthmaan (may Allah bless him), Caesar (the name of this particular Caesar was Haraql) lost control of countries in Sham (Syria and surrounding regions) and the Arabian Peninsula.
His dominion was then limited to the countries of Rome.
In Arabic, the application of the word Qaisar (Caesar) was for he who ruled over Rome, Sham, and the Arabian Peninsula.
Therefore this Hadeeth contained glad tidings for the inhabitants of Sham; it promised them that, until the Day of Judgment, they would never again be under the rule of Rome.
As for Kisra, he lost his entire control of most of his dominion during the caliphate of ‘Umar (may Allah bless him), and then he lost everything during the caliphate of ‘Uthmaan (may Allah bless him).
According to one narration, – this occurred in the year 32 H – all praise is for Allah (SWT) and all blessings are from Him. When the Prophet (PBUH), sent a letter to Kisra, inviting him to Islam, the latter tore it up. The Prophet (PBUH) supplicated against him, invoking Allah (SWT). to completely tear apart his empire, and that is in fact what happened.
From Albidayatu Wanihayah – Ibn Khateer.
When the Prophet (PBUH) sent a letter to Kisra, he tore the letter. There are tons of knowledge to be taken away from this. First, when someone inviting you to do something, if you don’t want it. Tell them you don’t want without a fight or been aggressive. Second, respect others and don’t allow for arrogance.
The End of the Persian and the Roman Empire is among the incident that shook the world at that time. Because they are not just ordinary empires, they control most parts of the world.
In short like the Prophet (PBUH) prophecize that the Roman and Persian empires will end, it did happen. There is no more Roman nor Parsian.
And Allah knows best.