Moosa (peace be upon him) was known for his boldness.
So, Adam and Musa (peace be upon them) met and Moosa (peace be upon him) question Adam (peace be upon him). However, in these Hadiths below, it is said that Adam defeated Musa in an argument.
After you read this hadith, you may have not understood the belief people derived from this incident. Just continue to the next section to understand that better.
AI-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may he be blessed) from the Prophet (S.A.W) that he said, “Moosa (peace be upon him) argued with Adam (peace be upon him) and said to him (Adam), ‘ You are the one who got the people
out of Paradise by your sin, and thus made them miserable.’
Adam (peace be upon him) replied, ‘ O, Moosa! You are the one whom Allah selected for His Message and for His direct Speech.
Yet you blame me for a thing which Allah had ordained for me before He created me?” The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) added, “So Adam overcame Moosa (peace be upon him) by this Argument. ” – Narrated by Al-Bukhari (4738)
Imam Ahmad narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah bless him) from the Prophet (S.A.W) that he said, “Adam (peace be upon him) argued with Moosa. Moosa (peace be upon him) said, ‘O, Adam! It is you whom Allah created
with His Hand and breathed into you His Spirit.
You led mankind astray and caused them to be removed from Paradise.’ Adam (peace be upon him) said, It was you, Moosa, who was chosen by Allah for His direct Speech; and yet you blame me for a deed which I did not do. Allah ordained for me before He created the heavens and the earth’?”
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) added, “Thus Adam (peace be upon him) defeated Moosa.” – Narrated by Imam Ahmad (9664).
The Believe Of People On The Incident
Differentiation exists in the understanding of the people toward the Hadiths above.
One group from among the Qadariyyah rejected it because of the affirmation of Qadar implicit in it.
Another group among the Jabariyyah cited it, as it appeared to them that when he said, “So Adam defeated Moosa,” the lie did so using his own Scripture against him. The reply to this will be given later.
Some said that he only argued with him because he rebuked him for a sin for which he had repented.
Others said it was because he (Adam) is older (and therefore wiser) than he (Moosa).
One group outlined that said that it was because he (Adam) is his (Moosa’) father.
It was said that it was because they are both in two different Revelations.
It was because they are both in the abode of AI-Barzakh and responsibility for them had ended,
Taken from: Al-Biddayah wan-Nihayah by Ibn Katheer
In conclusion, these Hadith explains that Adam defeated Moosa in an argument. You should have also know the opinion of people on the incident.